Tool | November 2018

State-by-State Guide to Taxes on Retirees


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The Bottom Line
Map of Montana

Not Tax-Friendly

The Treasure State is one of five states that do not impose a general state sales tax. That’s the good news. The bad news is that Montana taxes virtually all forms of retirement income, including Social Security. The state allows a pension- and annuity-income exemption of up to $4,110 per person, subject to certain income limitations. Residents 65 and older can exclude up to $800 for single filers (up to $1,600 for married filers) of interest income from state taxes.

State Sales Tax

No state sales tax. Resort areas such as Big Sky, Red Lodge and West Yellowstone have local sales taxes.

Income Tax Range

Low: 1% (on up to $3,000 of taxable income)

High: 6.9% (on taxable income over $17,900). Montana permits filers to deduct some of their federal income tax.

Social Security

Social Security benefits are taxable. The taxable amount may be different from the federally taxable amount because Montana taxes some types of income that the federal government does not, and vice versa.

Exemptions for Other Retirement Income

The state allows a partial pension exemption adjusted for inflation every year. For 2017, the maximum exemption was $4,110 if federal adjusted income was $34,260 or less. If both spouses are receiving retirement income, each spouse can take up to the maximum exemption if the couple falls under the income threshold. Early distributions from an IRA do not qualify for this exemption. Single residents 65 and older can exclude up to $800 of interest income from state taxes, while married joint filers can exclude up to $1,600. Tier II Railroad Retirement benefits are 100% exempt from Montana income tax.


Qualifies for the pension exemption.

401(k)s and Other Defined-Contribution Employer Retirement Plans

Qualifies for the pension exemption.

Private Pensions

Qualifies for the pension exemption.

Public Pensions

Qualifies for the pension exemption.

Property Taxes

The median property tax on Montana’s median home value of $199,700 is $1,698.

Tax breaks for seniors: Any homeowner or renter 62 or older can apply for a refundable income tax credit worth up to $1,000 if they have lived in Montana for nine months, occupied a residence for six months and have a gross household income of less than $45,000.

Vehicle Taxes

While there is no state sales tax at registration, county option taxes may be due.

Inheritance and Estate Taxes